Music Companies Sue iBus Media for Unauthorized Music Use

Music Companies Sue iBus Media for Unauthorized Music Use

Music makes the world go ‘round. And it sounds great as an intro or outro for something like a podcast. But in order to use that music, there are rules.

Someone at iBus Media probably should have known that using music by popular and modern artists requires authorization. This is not a company that recently entered the scene or is run by entrepreneurs. It was founded in 2002 and has grown into a company that runs more than 200 websites in 30 languages. There are five global offices that employ more than 120 people.

Nevertheless, the company is now being accused of copyright infringement by some of the largest music labels and publishers in the world. And the power of music industry lawyers is something that will become clear to iBus Media in the coming months. iBus may be a dominant force in the gaming world and PokerNews the leading source of news in the poker community, but they may not be ready for a high-powered, high-profile case such as the one filed in the California Central District Court.

The Allegations

The complaint was filed on November 16 in the US District Court of the Central District of California. The defendants are iBus Media Limited and Doe Defendants, as the latter are unknown to the companies that filed the lawsuit.

The defendants are a group of music labels and publishing companies, broken down into two categories. The Record Company Plaintiffs include UMG Recordings, Roc-A-Fella Records, and Capitol Records, while the Music Publisher Plaintiffs include Universal Music, Songs of Universal, PolyGram Publishing, Universal Music – MGB NA, and Universal Music – Z Tunes.

Together, the defendants allege that hundreds of podcasts created by iBus Media and and made available through multiple forums “intentionally incorporate significant portions of Plaintiffs’ copyrighted works.” The podcasts were made available through the PokerNews website, PokerNews app, and also streamed on audioBoom, iTunes, Spotify, Google Play, and Stitcher.

Forms of infringement detailed in the court documents include:

–adapting Plaintiffs’ copyrighted works to create new, unauthorized derivate works, such as the podcasts

–uploading said works to its own servers and third-party hosting services

–transmitting said works to consumers via streaming digital public performance

While attached exhibits outline 315 infringement examples, the documents state that further investigation may reveal even more to be added, and the plaintiffs reserved the right to amend the complaint thusly.

The specific counts contained in the complaint are as follows:

–Count 1:  Copyright infringement (by Record Company Plaintiffs against Defendants)

–Count 2:  Copyright infringement (by Music Publisher Plaintiffs against Defendants)

–Count 3:  Violation of California Civil Code 980.a.2 (by Record Company Plaintiffs)

–Count 4:  Violation of California Civil Code 980.a.2 (by Music Publisher Plaintiffs)

(California Civil Code 980.a.2 cites authors’ original works of sound recordings as works of exclusive ownership until February 15, 2047.)

The Cost of Infringement

On the first two counts, the plaintiffs are requesting profits and damages as the court may determine or maximum statutory damages of $150,000 per copyrighted work infringed, as well as all attorneys’ fees and full costs. On the second counts, the request consists of the imposition of a constructive trust, restitution of all unlawful proceeds collected by the defendants, and damages, as well as punitive and exemplary damages.

In addition, the plaintiffs requested a trial by jury. This seems unlikely in such a case, which is typically settled before a trial is even truly considered.

Prior Warning

One of the most interesting aspects of the filing is that the plaintiffs claimed they previously warned iBus Media of the infringement of content. “iBus Media was expressly notified that it was infringing content owned by Plaintiffs no later than December 2015. Despite receiving such notification, iBus Media continues to include infringing content in its podcasts. While iBus Media claims to have taken steps to remove certain of the infringing content, upon information and belief, content continues to be made available by iBus Media.”

The plaintiffs claimed to have been very specific in their notification nearly three years ago that the use of the music for copying, adapting, distribution, sale, and public performance without a license is prohibited.

The previous warning is likely the primary reason that the companies banded together to file the lawsuit and requested such significant financial restitution. The continued infringement led the plaintiffs to conclude that the behavior is “willful and deliberate.”

Involvement of PokerStars

It should be mentioned that PokerStars is the majority owner of iBus Media and has been since 2010. Tony G was the founder of PokerNews and iBus Media, but he eventually sold his equity to PokerStars, now housed under The Stars Group.

PokerStars has been working very diligently since Black Friday in 2011 to remedy its differences with the United States government and reenter the US. It did so several years ago by obtaining an online gaming license in New Jersey and launching operations in that state. The company is currently seeking to expand into Pennsylvania, as well as other states with various forms of internet gaming and sports betting, so any negative press or involvement in a lawsuit such as this likely doesn’t sit well with The Stars Group executives and attorneys.

No statements have yet been released by iBus Media or The Stars Group.


About Jennifer Newell

Jennifer began writing about poker while working at the World Poker Tour in the mid-2000s. Since then, her freelance writing career has taken her from Los Angeles to Las Vegas and back to her hometown of St. Louis, where she now lives with her two dogs. She continues to follow the poker world as she also launches a new subscription box company and finishes her first novel. Jennifer has written for numerous publications including and has followed the US poker and gaming market closely for the last 15 years. Follow Jen on Twitter

Disclaimer: The information on this site is my interpretation of the laws as made available online. It is in no way meant to serve as legal advice or instruction. We recommend that you seek legal advice from a licensed attorney for further or official guidance.

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